The majority of Argentines are descendants of Western European immigrants who traveled to Argentina in the mid 19th century. In addition to the strong European influence, there are still a few indigenous communities, the largest being the Mapuche, Guaraní, Tobas and Matacos. About 3% of Argentina's 34.3 million people reside in the city of Córdoba. The identity of Córdoba has been influenced by different waves of immigration, and these many diverse cultures have come together to contribute to the city's unique language, cuisine, music, dance, religion, and architecture.
Likely due to the fact that many Argentines are primarily of European descent, they are culturally and emotionally more comparable to Europeans than Latin Americans. Argentines take extreme pride in their country, in themselves, and in their culture. They are warm, direct, refined, and open as a people, and are likely to be unreserved in sharing with you the things that they are passionate about. Argentines are versatile and expressive and have a passion for discussing politics in particular.
In addition, Argentines are very physical communicators; they will often touch each other when speaking, use grand gestures to emphasize their point, and maintain little physical distance between speakers. Politeness and respect are closely linked with informal treatment. The normal greeting of men and women is a kiss on the cheek. Smiles, hugs, closeness when speaking and gestures are the most common and friendly way of communication.
Monuments & Must-Sees
Córdoba is known for it's rich cultural roots and its surrounding picturesque landscapes. From the zoo to theaters, parks, museums and plazas, there is always something to do in the city that never sleeps. Musicians can often be seen and heard playing in the streets, and many of the streets have been designed with pedestrians in mind, making a stroll through the city a safe and pleasant experience.
Perhaps the most notable place to visit in the city is the Jesuit Block, or Manzana Jesuitica, declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Manzana Jesuítica was built in the 17th Century and contains the National University of Córdoba, one of the oldest universities in South America and the oldest in Argentina, the Monserrat Secondary School, Jesuit cathedrals, a crypt, and residence buildings. Explore the city's history in the cultural center, including some of the oldest governmental buildings, colonial churches, monuments and plazas in South America.
For locals or visitors looking for a place to relax in the city center, Plaza San Martín provides a leafy haven. Over four centuries old, this lively plaza features fairs and exhibitions, includes a statue of its namesake, General San Martin, as well as a colonial-style cathedral, a 17th-century cabildo (clubhouse), once used as the police headquarters.
In addition to the Libertador Theater, the Ferreyra Palace and Fine Arts Museum is one of the most popular places to visit for a glimpse of Argentine art. Palacio Ferreyra, a Beaux-Arts mansion designed by French architect Ernest Sanson, was built between 1912 and 1916 for Dr. Martín Ferreyra, a prominent local physician and surgeon, as well the owner of limestone quarries and the then-biggest lime factory in Argentina. It houses the fine arts museum, which maintains 12 exhibit halls, a sculpture garden, library, and an auditorium for 120. Its collection of over 500 works includes those by Emilio Caraffa, Juan Carlos Castagnino, Gustave Courbet, Fernando Fader, Francisco Goya, Emilio Pettoruti, Pablo Picasso, Joaquín Sorolla, Lino Enea Spilimbergo and Ricardo Supisiche, among others.
The Buen Pastor Cultural Center is a great place to learn about the city and country's cultural roots through art exhibitions, musical performances, a music fountain, and other activities. The walls and ceilings of the chapel are covered in paintings by the Cordobese painter Emilio Caraffa. Every hour the loudspeakers blast and the fountain dances for ten minutes, in the evening lit up by multicolored lamps. In between the hourly "agua danzantes", there are shops to check out – like the well-stocked leather boutique – alternating art expositions to enjoy, or restaurant to drink a cup of coffee.
Cultural Activity Suggestions
Córdoba has endless activities for international visitors to enjoy. Listed below are some different cultural activities to do while in Córdoba. You can do many of these activities on your own, with friends, or they may be sponsored by ISA. Upon arrival to Argentina, different sponsored cultural activities will be announced throughout your program abroad.
See a Performance at the Libertador Theatre
Shopping and Handicrafts Markets
Classmates Connecting Cultures (CCC)
Online Dictionary Resource:Wordreference.com
Verb Conjugation: We suggest you look up some helpful websites dedicated to verb conjugations in Spanish. The book 501 Spanish Verbs is also a great resource to bring with you to Argentina.
Listening and Speaking: Check out some different Spanish podcasts available to practice your verbal and listening skills.
Beware of translation websites... much can be lost in translation.