Assisi is a town located in the Umbria region, on the western flank of Monte Subasio. It was the birthplace of St. Francis, who founded the Franciscan religious order in the town in 1208.
The town is dominated by two medieval castles. The larger, called Rocca Maggiore, is a massive presence meant to intimidate the people of the town: it was built by Cardinal Albornoz (1367) and added to by Popes Pius II and Paul III. The smaller of the two was built much earlier, in the Roman era. However, not all of it remains standing, and only a small portion and two towers are open to the public.
The Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi is a a UNESCO world heritage site, which was constructed in 1228 and completed in 1253 and is comprised of two churches - the Upper Church and the Lower Church. Students will find frescos by renowned artists Cimabue and Giotto in the Lower Church and frescos of scenes of the life of St. Francis the Upper Church.
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