The official language of Spain is Castilian (Castellano), however, it is important to keep in mind that Castilian is not the only language spoken in Spain. There are a number of different languages and dialects that are spoken throughout the various regions of Spain, four of which are co-official languages (Catalan, Basque, Galician, and Valencian. Catalan, a romance language, is primarily spoken within the region of Catalonia where it is the co-official language and is the official language of Andorra. Basuqe is the co-official language of the Basque Country in the north-eastern region of Spain. There have been a number of different hypotheses of acout the origins of the language, but it still has no proven connection to any other language. Galician is the co-official language of Galicia which is in the north-western region of Spain. It has been suggested that Galician and Portuguese have similar roots, the reason being that Portuguese originated in Galicia and northern Portugal. Valencian is the co-official language of the autonomous region of Valencia which is located on the east of Spain along the coast. Valencian is a dialect of Catalan but is perceived as a completely different language by many Valencianos. Spain is a very culturally proud nation and there is a very strong connection between language and cultural identity in all these regions in Spain. Although these different languages are quite prominent within their respective regions, all Spaniards speak the national Castilian language and foreign students using it will not have any problems with communication.
Spain offers a wide array of dishes each of which is influenced by the country's numerous cultural influences: Roman, Christian, Jewish, and Moorish. There are numerous foods that can be found throughout the country including: tortilla española (potato omelette), paella (a rice dish), jamón serrano (a type of cured ham), various cheeses, chorizo and morcilla (sausages), churros, flan, and magdalenas (madeleines or muffins). However, the country's cuisine also varies by its 19 regions and is indicative of the geography and culture of each. Students will have the culinary opportunity to experience typical Spanish cuisine as well as those that are indicative of the particular region in which they are studying and/or traveling.
The concept of personal space is different in Spain. Hugs and kisses are common, including when meeting people for the first time. When passing locals in the street, don't be surprised if eye contact is made but no smile or greeting is exchanged.
Rhythm of Life
Spaniards typically live a much slower paced life, when compared to other countries such as the U.S. Normally, breakfast is light and consists of a cup of coffee with milk, hot chocolate, and a pastry or toast. Around mid-morning, Spaniards typically take a "coffee break" to sip on a freshly squeezed glass of orange juice or a cup of coffee. Lunch is the most important, and heaviest, meal of the day and is typically eaten between 2PM and 4PM. During the hours of 2PM-5PM many small businesses will close for workers to go home and eat lunch with their family, this break is known as the siesta. Dinner is eaten between 9PM-11PM and is typically much lighter and is not as important in Spain as it is in other countries, such as the U.S. Commuting between housing and school will be a part of your daily routine, so be prepared to walk everywhere or use public transportation!
Spaniards generally live in smaller apartments, or pisos, instead of houses as Americans do. These apartments are compact but comfortable. You may expect to find smaller appliances (i.e. washers, dishwashers and refrigerators) and smaller living accommodations, closet space, beds, showers and tubs than in the U.S. Space heaters and fans are widely used as central air is not as common in Spain. Clothes lines and drying racks are widely used in Spain, especially in the South, and you will find clothes dryers to be less common. Also, many families shop for meals daily vs. weekly.
The Spaniards are well known for their fiestas! In every town and village in Spain at some point during the year there is a unique festival which brings all the residents together. Although most festivals have religious origins, Spaniards take the art of celebration very seriously with festivities which include costumes, traditional dance, sharing of large meals, and celebrating until the very wee hours of the morning! Each major city in Spain has a number of different regional festivals depending on the time of year. It is highly recommended that you familiarize yourself with the celebrations that will be going on during your time abroad in order to not miss out on one of these fantastically exciting cultural events!
See some of the most famous Spanish masterpieces of artists like Picasso, Velazquez, and el Greco, in the enormous Prado, Reina Sofia, or Thyssen-Bornemiza Museums.
Visit the ancient neighborhood of Madrid, La Latina, where every Sunday you will encounter the gigantic "Rastro" flea market and find some rare treasures.
Hang out in the picturesque Plaza Mayor, eating some traditional Spanish food and observing some local street performers.
Puerta del Sol
Stand on "Kilometro 0," the direct center of the city at the Puerta del Sol metro stop, and wander the diverse neighborhoods that surround it.
Madrid has a vast array of activities for international visitors to enjoy. Listed below are some different cultureal activities to do while in Madrid. You can do many of these activities on your own, with friends, or they may be sponsored by ISA. Upon arrival to Madrid, different sponsored cultureal activities will be announced troughout your program abroad.
Take a tour of the Royal Palace and see its innate architecture that has been compared to that of Versailles.
Parque del Retiro
Spend a day basking in the Spanish sun, taking a row boat on the lake, or just strolling with the locals in the Retiro Park.
Cheer with the Spaniards at one of the infamous Real Madrid soccer games.
Get an aerial view of the city when you take a ride in Madrid's teleferico, a gondola ride that takes you from the city center, over the banks of the Manzanares River, and over Madrid's incredible Casa del Campo Park.
Students will be given the opportunity to meet local and international students wishing to share their knowledge of Spanish and learn English in exchange. This activity, based on student interest, is a great way to get to know other students of Madrid, and share your culture and language with others while learning more about your surroundings and Spanish student counterparts!
While there is no structured volunteer program offered, any student truly interested in volunteering while in Madrid can work with the ISA Madrid staff to find different opportunities. Students simply present different organizations or areas that interest them and the Madrid staff can help you figure out how to get involved.
ISA Student Blog
Stay connected while you're abroad and share your experience with your peers back home! Each summer and semester the ISA Student Blog features ISA students as bloggers, photo bloggers and video bloggers who document their time abroad to share with their friends, family, prospective students and more. If sharing your study abroad experience through blog posts, photos, videos and other media while receiving professional guidance and feedback appeals to you, consider applying to be an ISA Featured Blogger, Photo Blogger or Video Blogger. The Site Specialist for your program will email all accepted students to notify you when ISA is accepting applications for the ISA Featured Blogger programs.
We also suggest you check out the plethora of other cultural blogs available on the web to learn more about others' experiences in Madrid, cultural happenings, and expat lives.
Buenos días. Good morning.
Buenas tardes. Good afternoon.
Buenas noches. Good evening.¿Cómo se llama? What is your name? (formal)
¿Cómo te llamas? What is your name? (informal)
Mucho gusto/Encantado. Nice to meet you.Me gustaría... I'd like to order... (in a restaurant)
¡Salud! Cheers!/Bless you! (after a sneeze)
Online Dictionary Resource
We suggest you look up some helpful websites dedicated to verb conjugations in Spanish.
Listening & Speaking
Check out some different Spanish podcasts available to practice your verbal and listening skills.
Beware of translation websites...much can be LOST in translation!