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Culture Corner

Spain Culture

Spanish Language
The official language of Spain is Castilian (Castellano); however, it is important to keep in mind that Castilian is not the only language spoken in Spain. There are a number of different languages and dialects that are spoken throughout the various regions of Spain, four of which are co-official languages (Catalan, Basque, Galician, and Valencian).

Catalan, a romance language, is primarily spoken within the region of Catalonia where it is the co-official language and is the official language of Andorra. Basque is the co-official language of the Basque Country in the north-eastern region of Spain. There have been a number of different hypotheses about the origins of the language, but it still has no proven connection to any other language. Galician is the co-official language of Galicia which is in the north-western region of Spain. It has been suggested that Galician and Portuguese have similar roots, the reason being that Portuguese originated in Galicia and northern Portugal. Valencian is the co-official language of the autonomous region of Valencia which is located on the east of Spain along the coast. Valencian is a dialect of Catalan but is perceived as a completely different language by many Valencianos.

Spain is a very culturally proud nation and there is a very strong connection between language and cultural identity in all these regions in Spain. Although these different languages are quite prominent within their respective regions, all Spaniards speak the national Castilian language, and foreign students using it will not have any problems with communication.

Cuisine
Spain offers a wide array of dishes, each of which is influenced by the country's numerous cultural influences: Roman, Christian, Jewish, and Moorish. There are numerous foods that can be found throughout the country including: tortilla española (potato omelette), paella (a rice dish), jamón serrano (a type of cured ham), various cheeses, chorizo and morcilla (sausages), churros, flan, and magdalenas (madeleines or muffins). However, the country's cuisine also varies by its 19 regions and is indicative of the geography and culture of each. Students will have the culinary opportunity to experience typical Spanish cuisine as well as those that are indicative of the particular region in which they are studying and/or traveling.

Personal Greetings
The concept of personal space is different – hugs and kisses are common, including when meeting people for the first time. When passing locals in the street, don't be surprised if eye contact is made but no smile or greeting is exchanged.

Rhythm of Life

Spaniards typically live a much slower paced life when compared to other countries such as the U.S. Normally, breakfast is light and consists of a cup of coffee with milk, hot chocolate, and a pastry or toast. Around mid-morning, Spaniards typically take a "coffee break" to sip on a freshly squeezed glass of orange juice or a cup of coffee. Lunch is the most important, and heaviest, meal of the day and is typically eaten between 2PM and 4PM. During the hours of 2PM-5PM, many small businesses will close for workers to go home and eat lunch with their family. This break is known as the /siesta/. Dinner is eaten between 9PM-11PM and is typically much lighter and is not as important in Spain as it is in other countries such as the U.S. Commuting between housing and school will be a part of your daily routine, so be prepared to walk everywhere or use public transportation!

Living and Working Space

Spaniards generally live in smaller apartments, or pisos, instead of houses as Americans do. These apartments are compact but comfortable. You may expect to find smaller appliances (i.e. washers, dishwashers and refrigerators) and smaller living accommodations, closet space, beds, showers and tubs than in the U.S. Space heaters and fans are widely used as central air is not as common in Spain. Clothes lines and drying racks are widely used in Spain, especially in the South, and you will find clothes dryers to be less common. Also, many families shop for meals daily vs. weekly.

Festivals
The Spaniards are well known for their fiestas! In every town and village in Spain at some point during the year there is a unique festival which brings all the residents together. Although most festivals have religious origins, Spaniards take the art of celebration very seriously with festivities which include costumes, traditional dance, sharing of large meals, and celebrating until the very wee hours of the morning! Each major city in Spain has a number of different regional festivals depending on the time of year. It is highly recommended that you familiarize yourself with the celebrations that will be going on during your time abroad in order to not miss out on one of these fantastically exciting cultural events!

Monuments & Must-Sees

Cathedral of Saint Mary-Giralda
Visit the largest Gothic cathedral in the world and climb the winding tower of the Giralda for great city views. The Sevilla Cathedral contains a surprising 80 chapels and is considered the third largest church in the world. Original columns and elements from the mosque that previously was constructed on this site were maintained when constructing the cathedral, the most famous relic being the Giralda bell tower.

Alcázar
Tour the former Moorish fort where scenes from Kingdom of Heaven were filmed. The alcázar is one of the best remaining examples of mudéjar architecture in Spain. The upper level of this palace is considered the royal family's official Seville residence.

Plaza de España
Marvel the architecture and beautiful fountain that will take your breath away. This plaza was built in 1928 for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 and is located in the María Luisa Park.

María Luisa Park
Escape the hustle and bustle of the city streets and visit this park to take in a day of leisure. This expansive park was designed by Jean-Claude Nicolas.

The Universidad de Sevilla
Roam the Universidad de Sevilla Liberal Arts, Geography and History building located in the city center. This building was previously the Fábrica de Tabacos, or Tobacco Factory, and is also where the opera Carmen took place.

In addition to the aforementioned, there are numerous other monuments and must-sees you can explore in Sevilla.

Cultural Activities

Sevilla has a number of activities for international visitors to enjoy. Listed below are some different cultural activities to do while in Sevilla. You can organize many of these activities on your own, with friends, or they may be sponsored by ISA. Upon arrival to Sevilla, various sponsored cultural activities will be announced by the ISA Sevilla directors.

Outdoor Activities
Hike in the Sierra Norte de Sevilla National Park located in the province of Sevila in the Andalucia region. In addition to hiking, you may partake in a number of activities such as horse back riding, rock climbing, trekking, etc. There are ten white-washed villages that you may visit as well such as Alanís, El Pedroso, etc.

Flamenco Guitar and Dance
Visit one of the many tablaos, or bars located on street corners to experience a flamenco guitar and music performance first-hand. Learn more about the origins and evolution of flamenco at the Flamenco Dance Museum (Museo del Baile Flamenco).

Tapas Tour
Hop from one restaurant/bar to another and enjoy one of the many traditional dishes that make Sevilla the 'tapas' capital. Tapas are typically small dishes that are shared with friends before eating dinner. Be sure to try tortillita de bacalao, ensaladilla, gazpacho, amongst many others!

Carmona
Explore this quaint roman influenced town built on the side of a ridge located about 30 kilometers from Sevilla's center. Be sure to check out the Roman amphitheatre, Roman bridge and the Roman necropolis.


Cultural Immersion

Language Exchange
Students will be given the opportunity to meet local and international students wishing to share their knowledge of Spanish and learn English in exchange. This activity is a great way to get to know other students in Sevilla, and share your culture and language with others while learning more about your surroundings and Spanish student counterparts!

Volunteering

While there is no structured volunteer program offered, any student truly interested in volunteering while in Sevilla can work with the ISA Sevilla staff to find different opportunities. Past students have volunteered with organizations such as the National Organization for the Blind (ONCE), Gota de Leche, Solidarios, and many others in a variety of different areas based on the students' interest.

Experiential Learning Abroad Programs (ELAP)
Intern with a telecommunications company in the customer service or marketing field in Sevilla, Spain. To learn more about internship opportunities in Sevilla, please click here.

ISA Student Blog
Stay connected while you're abroad and share your experience with your peers back home! Each summer and semester the ISA Student Blog features ISA students as bloggers and video correspondents who document their time abroad to share with their friends, family, prospective students and more. If sharing your study abroad experience through blog posts, videos, photos and other media while receiving professional guidance and feedback appeals to you, consider applying to be an ISA Featured Blogger or an ISA Video Correspondent. The Site Specialist for your program will email all accepted students to notify you when ISA is accepting applications for bloggers and video correspondents.

Cultural Blogs
We also suggest you check out the plethora of other cultural blogs available on the web to learn more about others' experiences in Sevilla, cultural happenings, and expat lives.

Language Resources

Helpful Phrases
Buenos días. Good morning.
Buenas tardes. Good afternoon.
Buenas noches. Good evening.

¿Cómo se llama? What is your name? (formal)
¿Cómo te llamas? What is your name? (informal)
Mucho gusto/Encantado. Nice to meet you.

Me gustaría... I'd like to order... (in a restaurant)
¡Salud! Cheers!/Bless you! (after a sneeze)
Vale. Okay.

Online Dictionary Resource
http://www.wordreference.com/

Verb Conjugation
We suggest you look up some helpful websites dedicated to verb conjugations in Spanish.

Listening & Speaking
Check out some different Spanish podcasts available to practice your verbal and listening skills.

Beware of translation websites...much can be LOST in translation!