History of Jewish Communities in Central Europe

Charles University

Course Description

  • Course Name

    History of Jewish Communities in Central Europe

  • Host University

    Charles University

  • Location

    Prague, Czech Republic

  • Area of Study

    European Studies, History, International Studies, Multicultural Studies, Religion, Sociology

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Course Level Recommendations

    Upper

    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • Contact Hours

    45
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4
  • Overview

    **Please note there may be some additional costs associated with field trips around Prague for this course. All costs are to be paid by the participant directly to the professor of the course.

    COURSE DESCRIPTION & OBJECTIVES:
    Today, most Jews living in the U.S. (the largest Jewish community in the world) trace their descent
    back to Central or Eastern Europe. The course explores Jewish presence primarily in the history of
    Central Europe and the ambiguous character of Jewish experience fated not only by prejudice,
    contempt, and suffering, which culminated in the Holocaust, but also rich in the undeniable
    contribution of Jews to the life and culture of the countries and nations of Central Europe.

    The course pursues the following two objectives:
    Students become familiar with the phenomenon of the Jewish Diaspora, the variety and cultural
    richness of the Jewish Diaspora groups, and the common identity shared by those groups that
    historicallyreaches back to events and religious development which played out in Ancient Palestine. At
    its core, the course dwells on study of the history of Ashkenazi Jews from the Medieval to Modern
    times. Students are supposed to acquire a basic understanding of the social organization of Jewish
    communities before the emancipation, the general social status of Jews in medieval Christian society,
    as well as the benefits and pitfalls of Jewish coexistence with local Non-Jewish populations.

    A very important part of the course is dedicated to Jewish religion. Students will acquire a basic
    familiarity with its ideas and religious practice. They will get a basic glimpse ofreligious and cultural
    heritage accumulated by generations of rabbis living in Germany, Austria, Bohemia and Moravia,
    Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary. Close attention will be paid to Enlightenment and to the impact of its
    ideologyon the Jews of Central Europe at the close of the 18th century, which set off a significant
    social and culture transformation that culminated in the emancipation of Jews and their integration
    into modern European society by the mid-19th century. The various factors that led up to the
    Holocaust will be addressed too, among them Anti-Semitism and ethnic Nationalism, both nurtured by
    the 19th century philosophy of Romanticism.
    Students will also profit from a trip to Prague Jewish quarter, visiting its synagogues and the famous
    Jewish cemetery in the Old Town.

    By the end of the course students will be able:
    1. to find their way through general Jewish history and Jewish religious tradition from Antiquity to Modern times;
    2. to understand the basic facets of Jewish life in Central Europe, including the ambiguous character of the coexistence of Jewish communities with local Non-Jewish populations, often affected
    by various manifestations of Anti-Semitism and hatred toward Jews;
    3. to appreciate the richness and variety of Jewish culture thriving in Central Europe before the Holocaust.

    CONTENTS:

    Historical variety of the Jewish Diaspora: Oriental, Sephardic, Ashkenazi Jews, and other minor Jewish
    communities; the variety of Jewish identities and its impact on the social and cultural environment in
    the present day State of Israel. American Jews: the largest Jewish community in the world ? its history
    and present.
    READING
    SARNA, Jonathan D. American Judaism, pp. 1-31.

    Beyond the Diaspora diversity: the origins of the Jewish nation in Ancient Palestine; the Hebrew Bible
    as the foundational text of Jewish religion.The rise of Rabbinic Judaism after 70CE; the Talmud.
    READING
    FINKELSTEIN, Israel. The Bible Unearthed,Who were Ancient Israelites? (Ch. 4), pp. 97-122.
    SCHWARTZ, Seth. Imperialism and Jewish Society 200 BCE to 640 CE, The Jews of Palestine to 70 CE
    (Ch. 1), pp. 19-48
    COHEN, Shaye J.D. From the Maccabees to the Mishnah, The Emergence of Rabbinic Judaism (Ch. 7),
    pp. 214-230.

    The beginnings of Ashkenazi settlement in Rhineland and its migration eastwards: Yiddish: the
    vernacular of Ashkenazi Jews; Yiddish literature and Yiddish authors in the 19th and 20th centuries.
    READING
    CHAZAN, Robert. The Jews of Medieval Western Christendom, The Newer Jewries of the North:
    Germany (Ch. 5), pp. 170-198.
    HAZAN, Robert. The Jews of Medieval Western Christendom, Spiritual Challenges, Successes, and
    Failures (Ch. 8), pp. 244-267.

    The history of Jewish community in Prague from its beginnings till 1782: Rabbinic and other leading personages of the community; synagogues and other communal buildings; the sanitation of Jewish town at the turn of the 20th century.
    READING
    KIEVAL, Hillel J. Languages of Community.The Jews of Bohemia and Moravia to 1918, pp. 10-37.

    Preparation for the visit to the Jewish Museum in Prague: Jewish traditions and customs.
    READING
    SHERBOK, Dan Cohn, Judaism. History. Belief and Practice, Chapters 77-88.

    A visit to the Jewish Museum in Prague

    Jews in Christian medieval society: Christian medieval anti-Judaism: its ideological and social
    background; the destruction of Jewish communities in Rhineland during the First Crusade 1096-98.
    Blood libel and other anti-Jewish prejudices: origins and history; Martin Luther and Jews.
    READING
    MARVIN, Perry. Antisemitism: Myth and Hate from Antiquity to the Present. Ritual Murderers:
    Christian Blood and Jewish Matzos, pp. 44-77.

    The Jews of Poland: Kazimierz ? the history of the Jewish quarter in Cracow; the legacy of Chasidism.
    MIDTERM EXAM
    READING:
    POGONOWSKI, Iwo. Jews in Poland.Jewish Autonomy in Poland 1264-1765. pp. 59-86.

    The progress of Jewish emancipation in the 18th and 19th centuries: Moses Mendelssohn ? his life and
    philosophy; the beginnings of the emancipation of Jews in the Austrian Empire and Prussia toward the
    end of the 18th century; The French revolution and the liberation of European Jews.
    READING
    ELON, Amos. The Pity of It All ? A Portrait of German-Jewish Epoch 1743-1933, The Age of
    Mendelssohn, pp. 33-64.

    Jews in the 19th century: The legacy of Reform Judaism; the assimilation of Jews into European
    society; the rise of the modern anti-Semitism in Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy at the
    turn of the 20th century; Theodor Herzl and Zionism.
    READING
    ZIMMERMANN, Moshe. Wilhelm Marr ? the Patriarch of Antisemitism, Prologue, pp. 3-7.
    ZIMMERMANN, Moshe. Wilhelm Marr ? the Patriarch of Antisemitism, The Victory of Judaism over
    Germanicism, pp. 70-95.
    NYISZLI, Miklos. Auschwitz: A Doctor`s Eyewitness Account. New York: Arcade Publishing 1960, 306
    pages.

    Hitler`s rise to power in 1933 and his anti-Semitic policy in pre-war Germany.
    READING
    KAPLAN, Marion A. Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish life in Nazi Germany, In Public: Jews are
    Turned into Pariahs 1933-1938 (Ch. 1), pp. 17-49.
    NYISZLI, Miklos. Auschwitz: A Doctor`s Eyewitness Account. New York: Arcade Publishing 1960, 306
    pages.

    The Wannsee Conference and the Final Solution of the Jewish Question in Nazi occupied Europe.
    The legacy of the Holocaust
    NYISZLI, Miklos. Auschwitz: A Doctor`s Eyewitness Account. New York: Arcade Publishing 1960, 306
    pages.

    The legacy of the Holocaust
    FINAL EXAM
    READING
    NYISZLI, Miklos. Auschwitz: A Doctor`s Eyewitness Account. New York: Arcade Publishing 1960, 306
    pages.

    Course evaluation
    Class preparation and activity (reading assignments, participation in discussions, small quizzes) 20%
    Class presentation 20%
    Midterm exam 30%
    Final exam 30%

    The grading scale:
    100 ? 96 % A
    95 ? 90 % A -
    89 ? 87 % B +
    86 ? 83 % B
    82 ? 80 % B -
    79 ? 76 % C +
    75 ? 70 % C
    69 ? 60 % C -
    59 ? 0 % F

    ATTENDANCE POLICY:
    Attendance of classes is mandatory. Only one unexcused block of classes is tolerated and it will not
    affect a final class grade.
    In case of more than one block of unexcused absences, student´s final grade of the class will be automatically lowered by one step on the grading scale; one absence for one step on the grading scale.

    Class protocol
    Students are required to be involved in class activities. They are expected to show their preparation
    by active participating in the class activities, by asking relevant questions, being critical and analytical
    with the contents presented in class as well as by sharing their ideas and opinions.
    It is expected that students arrive to class on time and that they return promptly to class after any
    given a class break. (Regularly missed minutes could be counted together and can make another unexcused absence, as mentioned above.)

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.