History of Architecture through Parisian Monuments
Institut Catholique de Paris
Area of Study
French, French Culture
High Intermediate, Advanced, High Advanced
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits3
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units4
Hours & Credits
1 / General objectives of the course:
- Initiation to the history of Architecture;
- Discovery of the main French architectural movements from antiquity to the present day;
- Discovery of the great French architects and their works, situating them in the historical, artistic and socio-cultural context
Of their time.
2 / Teacher's pedagogical approach
The course offers alternating sessions in theaters and visits to Parisian monuments and museums. It is based on
An in-depth analysis of the architectural trends and with the active participation of the students. Thus, apart from the
Foundations of the history of French Architecture, the latter are gradually led to acquire the tools of analysis
Plastic and the specialized language necessary for any artistic and architectural commentary.
Apart from the courses, the attendance of monuments and museums recommended in Paris is therefore necessary to
The acquisition of knowledge,
3 / Supporting Materials:
Work from projections of images / DVDs on the screen, alternating with field visits.
4 / Bibliographical references summary
VOCABULARY AND METHODOLOGY:
- Learning to see architecture, Paris, Éditons de Minuit, 1959.
- Architecture, method and vocabulary, Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1972, Paris, reed. Du Patrimoine, 2000.
- BOUCHIER (Martine), Ten keys to open to architecture, Paris, archibooks, 2009.
- CHEMETOV (Paul), 20,000 words for the city, Paris, Flammarion, 1996.
- ZEVI (Bruno), Learning to see architecture, Paris, ed. Of Midnight, 1959 (numerous reissues).
- BENEVOLO (Leonardo), History of modern architecture, Paris, Dunod, 1987.
- BENEVOLO (Leonardo), History of the city, trad. Marseille, Parenthèses, 1995.
- CHOAY (Francoise), Urbanism, utopias and realities, Paris, Points Essais, 1979.
- FRAMPTON (Kenneth), Modern Architecture, a Critical Story, London, Thames & Hudson, 1980.
- MONNIER (Gérard), Architecture in the 20th century, Paris, PUF What do I know? PUF, 1997.
- MONNIER (Gérard), History of architecture, Paris, PUF What do I know?, 2010.
- NUTTGENS (Patrick), History of Architecture, Paris, Phaidon 2002.
- RAGON Michel, History of Architecture and Modern Urbanism, Paris, Casterman, 1986.
- TAFURI (Manfredo), Architecture and humanism, Paris Dunod, 1981.
5 / Evaluation:
Note 1: Rapid follow-up (written test);
Note 2: Presentations;
Note 3: Final written examination;
Note 4: Participation and attendance. Each grade (25% of the final grade) takes into account knowledge and expression in French. The presence
6 / Attendance, Punctuality: MAXIMUM NUMBER OF UNJUSTIFIED ABSENCES: TWO
Beyond that, neither the Certificate of Attendance nor the Certificate of Results can be awarded.
In case of absence or delay, notify the teacher and the secretariat. Provide proof of return
class. It is up to you to inquire (with the delegate of the class or a fellow) on the work done
And the duties required.
1. Introductory session:
General presentation of the course - Analysis in History of Architecture: method,
Vocabulary and case study - The major stages of the construction and development of Paris
2. From the Gallo-Roman period to the end of the Middle Ages:
On the traces of the ancient Lutetia - From Romanesque to
Gothic art through the churches of Paris (Saint-Germain des Prés, Sainte Chapelle, Saint-Séverin,
3. At the time of the Renaissance:
Definition of the French Renaissance - From the Loire Valley to Fontainebleau:
The transformation of royal residences under Francis I and Henry II - A new palace of the Louvre
4. The seventeenth century (1):
Louis XIII and the picturesque French: Place des Vosges - the mansion
French (architectural visit in the Marais district)
5. THE XVIIth century (2):
Louis XIV and the definition of Classicism à la française: The castles of Vaux-leVicomte
And Versailles - The Castle of Marly, a jewel disappeared
6. The First Empire and the ambition of Paris, new Rome: The church of the Madeleine, the arches of triumph
The Carrousel and the Place de l'Étoile, the Vendôme column (architectural visit in the 1st and 8th centuries
7. EVALUATION: TEST WRIT 1 (FROM THE GALLO-ROMAN PERIOD TO THE END OF THE FIRST EMPIRE)
8. The Second Empire and the modern city:
The great works of Haussmann; Eclectism through the Opera
Garnier - The beginnings of metallic architecture (the example of Baltard: the Halles and the church SaintAugustin)
- New types of architecture (railway stations, department stores ...)
9. The legacy of the Universal Exhibitions
10. Art Nouveau:
The example of Hector Guimard (visit of the 16th arrondissement: around the metro Jasmin)
11. From Art Deco to the Modern Movement:
The Palace of the Golden Door and the Palaces of Chaillot and Tokyo
- Le Corbusier: concrete, glass and steel
12. Paris from 1945 to the end of the 1970s:
The transformation of the Halles district: from the rampage to the
Protection of the historical center of the city - The Pompidou center by Renzo Piano - The
Defense and lap time
13. EVALUATION: TEST WRITING 2 (PARIS, 1850-1970)
14. François Mitterand and the major cultural projects:
The glass pyramid of the Louvre Museum, the Opera
Bastille, the national library François Mitterand, the Institute of the Arab world
15. Paris at the dawn of the 21st century and the pursuit of cultural ambition:
Musée du quai Branly
Building sites in the Villette district - The Vuitton Foundation
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.