Energy and Building

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Energy and Building

  • Host University

    Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

  • Location

    Madrid, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Engineering Science, Environmental Engineering, Systems Engineering

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Prerequisites

    STUDENTS ARE EXPECTED TO HAVE COMPLETED:

    Thermal Engineering
    Fluid Transport and Hydraulic Machinery
    Solar Energy

  • Course Level Recommendations

    Upper

    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • ECTS Credits

    6
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4
  • Overview

    Energy and Building (280 - 16846)
    Study: Bachelor in Energy Engineering
    Semester 2/Spring Semester
    4th Year Course/Upper Division

    STUDENTS ARE EXPECTED TO HAVE COMPLETED:

    Thermal Engineering
    Fluid Transport and Hydraulic Machinery
    Solar Energy

    Competences and Skills that will be Acquired and Learning Results:

    At the end of the course the students will be able to:
    - Understand the relationship between buildings, energy consumption and environmental impact.
    - Deal with building energy codes and standards: find information and establish compliance.
    - Set up models for building energy simulation.
    - Determine thermal loads in buildings.
    - Know the principles of heating and cooling equipment.
    - Know the renewable energy systems and their integration in buildings.
    - Design and size HVAC systems.
    - Knowledge in lighting systems (technology and operation).
    - Know the main lighting control systems.
    - Incorporation of photovoltaic systems in buildings. Dimensioning and installation design.
    - Knowledge of photovoltaic calculation software.
    - Knowledge in engine control

    Description of Contents: Course Description

    1. Energy Consumption in Buildings
    Building energy use, environmental impact and sustainability. Energy sources, primary/final energy, CO2 emissions. European energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD), certification of new and existing buildings, energy rating/labeling, nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB), energy audit. Energy codes for buildings, Código técnico de la edificación ¿ Ahorro de energía (CTE-HE), ASHRAE standard 90.1.
    2. Heating and Cooling Loads
    Outdoor design conditions, climatic zones, typical meteorological year (TMY). Indoor comfort conditions, air quality, ventilation (CTE-HS3). Heat transfer through building envelope, insulating materials, U-value. Glazings, shadings, solar heat gains (SHGC). Passive heating and cooling, bioclimatic design. Internal loads, latent heat, psychrometric chart. Building energy simulation tools.
    3. Refrigeration and Heat Generation
    Vapor compression cycle, refrigerant charts, coefficient of performance (COP). Compressor, condenser, evaporator. Electric heat pumps. Electric heaters. Natural gas and fuel-oil boilers. Service water heating (SWH). Renewable energy systems: solar thermal (CTE-HE4), solar cooling (absorption cycle), biomass, geothermal. Thermal energy storage (TES), district heating and cooling (DHC), combined heat and power (CHP).
    4. HVAC Systems
    Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC), decentralized vs. centralized systems, zoning. Direct expansion systems. Air-and-water systems, fan-coils. All-water systems: pumps, pipes, radiators, radiant panels. All-air systems: air handling unit (AHU), fans, ducts, diffusors.
    5. Lighting systems.
    Main types of lamps. Parameters of visual comfort. Luminaires and lighting systems. Regulation of lighting (regulation 0-10 V, DSI regulation, regulation DALI).
    6. Photovoltaic Systems
    Types of photovoltaic cells. Installation configuration (panels, wiring, protections and investor). Resource assessment, integration into the building.
    7. Engine control systems in buildings.
    Regulation of motors in HVAC systems (variable flow hydraulic, variable flow in air).
    8. Power factor compensation.
    Concept of power factor compensation. Estimation of consumption of reactive power. Capacitor banks and its regulation.

    Learning Activities and Methodology:

    The learning methodology includes:
    1. Lectures in which the course contents are presented.
    2. Workshops, usually held in a computer room, where each student works on their projects.

    Assessment System:

    Continuous assessment based on the delivery of a final project.
    Mid-term tests and oral presentations could also be scheduled.
    Each student will be assigned a building case study, in which the student will apply the knowledge gained during the course.
    To check the progress, there will be two mid-term assignments that will be part of the final project report:
    1. Building model and annual energy demand (compliance with building codes).
    2. Thermal loads and HVAC equipment selection.
    3. Lighting system design.
    4. Lighting control systems associated with the system proposed.
    5. Incorporation of a photovoltaic system on the building.

    Besides the above, the final project report must contain the simulated energy consumption and the building rating/label.
    % end-of-term-examination: 0 %
    % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...): 100 %

    Basic Bibliography:

    A. Soteris. Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems . Academic Press. 2014
    Anna Yudina. Lumitecture: Illuminating Interiors for Designers and Architects . Thames & Hudson. 2016
    F.C. McQuiston, J.D. Parker, J.D. Spitler.. Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning: Analysis and Design. John Wiley & Sons. 2005
    Harry Box. Set Lighting Technician's Handbook: Film Lighting Equipment, Practice, and Electrical Distribution . Elsevier Inc.. 2010
    Michael Boxwell. olar Electricity Handbook ¿ 2014 Edition: A Simple Practical Guide to Solar Energy Designing and Installing Photovoltaic Solar Electric Systems. Greenstream Publishing . 2014
    T.A. Reddy, J.F. Kreider, P.S. Curtiss, A. Rabl.. Heating and Cooling of Buildings: Design for Efficiency. Taylor & Francis. 2010
    W.T. Grondzik. Air-conditioning System Design Manual. ASHRAE. 2007

    Additional Bibliography:

    ASHRAE. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. ASHRAE. 2013

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.