New Terrorism and Globalization (in English)

ISA Study Center with Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo-Sevilla

Course Description

  • Course Name

    New Terrorism and Globalization (in English)

  • Host University

    ISA Study Center with Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo-Sevilla

  • Location

    Seville, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Intelligence Studies, International Affairs, International Politics, International Relations, International Studies, Peace and Conflict

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Course Level Recommendations

    Upper

    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • Contact Hours

    45
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4
  • Overview

    Prerequisite: Open to all language levels. Taught in English.

    COURSE CONTENTS

    Unit 1: Theoretical framework and historical perspective
    - What is terrorism?
    - A military perspective: asymmetrical or irregular warfare.
    - A political perspective: the force of the weak and the oppressed?
    - Historical antecedents of modern terrorism?:
    - Biblical antecedents: the plagues against Egypt?s Pharaoh; David against Saul; zealots against Romans
    - Tyrannicide: the assasination of Ceasar (I c B.C.)
    - The sect of the Assassins and Hassan Ibn Sabbath (XII c A.C.)
    - The Spanish guerrillas against Napoleon (XIX c A.C.)
    - The partisans: resistance militias in WWII (XX c A.C.)
    - The moral dilemmas:
    - The theological justification of rebellion and tyrannicide
    - The political justification: ?terrorist? or ?freedom fighter??

    Unit 2: Anarquists: the first modern terrorists
    - The philosophers of violence (Bakunin, Nechaev, Kropotkin) and ?propaganda through action?
    - Marxism versus Anarquism: mass revolution versus individual action
    - Revolution by dynamite: from the Russian narodniks in the 1980s to the Spanish tradeunion-anarquists in the 1930s
    - A survey of half a century of anarchist political violence: from the assasination of Tzar Alexander II, to the Sarajevo attack of 1914
    - The consequences of anarchist terror: was it effective?

    Unit 3: Terrorism and wars of liberation (de-colonization) in the Third World
    - A practical distinction: guerrilla warfare versus urban terrorism
    - The Algerian example in the 1950s
    - The Mau-Mau guerrillas in Kenya, in the 1950s
    - The Vietcong terror tactics in South Vietnamese cities
    - The seeds of Che Guevara: Argentinian Montoneros and Uruguayan Tupamaros
    - Festering wounds in South Asia: the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka, the Jammu and Kashmir insurgengy in India

    Unit 4: Nationalist and leftist terror in Europe during the Cold War
    - An ideological ferment: the student revolution of May 1968
    - The Baader Meinhof band in Germany (the hidden hand of the East)
    - The Red Brigades in Italy (complicity in high places)
    - The IRA: the protracted legacy of Irish independence
    - ETA: Basque ethno-terrorism in Spain

    Unit 5: Terror goes international
    - The PLO`s strategy: forcing a forgotten cause onto the international scene
    - Israel?s counter-terror tactics: the Iron Wall doctrine of massive reprisals
    - State sponsored terrorism: Lybia, Iran, Syria, Pakistan
    - The United States sponsored insurgencies (Nicaragua and Afghanistan): did my ?freedom-fighter? become a ?terrorist??
    - Terror and the Russian bear: the war in Chechenia and the Kremlin?s scorched earth response

    Unit 6: Islamist terrorism: local movements versus global jihad
    - Not the same: Islam, Islamism, radical islamism, violent islamism, global jihadism
    - Local resistance movements (more than terror):
    - Moslem Brotherhood (Egypt and beyond)
    - Hamas (Palestine)
    - Hezbollah (Lebanese shiites)
    - Taliban (Afghan and Pakistani pashtuns)
    - Global jihadism: the Al Qaeda network and the quest for a modern-day Caliphate:
    - Salafism and the concept of jihad
    - Osama Bin Laden?s loose confederaton of terror: a phantom leading through the Web
    - The impact of 9/11: the ?War on Terror?: a failed strategy?
    - How to deal with radical Islam? New strategies and age-old realities

    Unit 7: The future of terrorism
    - The ultimate threat: Weapons of Mass Destruction and catastrophic terrorism
    - Terror and the Internet: propaganda and organization in the Web
    - Terror and the media: multiplying the impact (?kill one, scare millions?)
    - What works? Counter-terrorist strategies: legality, morality and expediency
    - To talk or not to talk: when (if at all) is it right to negotiate with terrorists?
    - Adressing the underlying causes: reversible political and cultural grievances versus irreversible ideological evil
    * * *

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Historical background
    - ?The Terrorism Reader: From Aristotle to the IRA and the PLO. A Historical Anthology?, Edited by Walter Laqueur (Meridian, New York, 1978).
    - ?Voices of Terror? (Walter Laqueur, Reed Publishing, 2004)
    - ?The Assasins: The Sect of Islam?s Holy Warriors? (Edward Burman, Thorsons Publising Group, London, 1987)
    - ?Historia General del Terrorismo? (Kepa Aulestia, Aguilar, Madrid 2005)
    - ?The Four Waves of Modern Terrorism? (David Rapoport, in ?Attacking Terrorism: Elements of a Grand Strategy?, Georgetown University Press, Washington, 2004)
    - ?The Morality of Terrorism: Religious and Secular Justifications?, (David C. Rapoport and Yonah Alexander, Morningside Book, 1989)
    - ?History of Terrorism: Timeline of Terrorist Acts: 1955-2001? (Crimsonbird.com, History and Social Issues, 2001)
    - ?The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991? , Chapter 15: ?Third World and Revolution? (Eric Hobsbawn, Vintage Books, New York, 1996)
    - ?The Coming Anarchy: Shattering the Dreams of the Post-Cold War?, Chapter 1: ?The Coming Anarchy: How Scarcity, Crime, Overpopulation and Disease are Destroying the Social Fabric of the Planet? (Robert D. Kaplan, Random House, New York, 2000).
    Anarchism
    - ?El Anarquismo? (Bernabé López, Cuadernos de Historia 16, Madrid, 1985).
    - ?For Jihadist, Read Anarchist? (Report, The Economist magazine, Aug 18, 05).
    - ?Anarquistas y Socialistas?, Capítulo 2: ?Internacionalismo, Anarquismo y Terrorismo?? (Javier Paniagua, Historia 16, 1999)
    Third World wars of liberation
    - ?The Wretched of the Earth? (Frantz Fanon, Macgibbon and Kee, London, 1965; Grove Press, London, 2004).
    - ?Histories of the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire? (David Anderson, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2004)
    - ?Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of the End of Empire in Kenya? (Caroline Elkins, Henry Holt, 2004)
    Nationalist and leftist terrorism in Europe
    - ?Michael Collins, A Biography?, Chapter 5: ?The Year of Terror? (Tim Pat Coogan, Arrow Books, London, 1991).
    - ?ETA contra el Estado: Las Estrategias del Terrorismo? (Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca, Tusquets, Barcelona, 2001).
    - Guía para Orientarse en el Laberinto Vasco? (Mario Onaindia, Temas de Hoy, Madrid, 2000)
    - ?Negociar con ETA: del Proceso de Argel de Felipe González a la Paz Dialogada de Rodríguez Zapatero? (Carlos Fonseca, Ediciones Temas de Hoy, Madrid, 2006).
    Palestinian terrorism
    - ?Arafat: Un Destino Para un Pueblo?, Capítulo 3: ?Del Terror a la ONU? (Rémi Favret, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1991).
    - ?From Beirut to Jerusalem?, Chapter 5 ?The Teflon Guerrilla? (Thomas L. Friedman, Anchor Books, 1990)
    - ?Los Palestinos? (Bernabé López, Cuadernos de Historia 16, Madrid, 1985).
    Islamist terrorism
    -?Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill? (Jessica Stern, Haper&Collins, 2003).
    - ?Inside Al Qaeda, Global Network of Terror? (Rohan Gunaratna, Hurst and Company, Londres, 2004)
    - ?License to Kill: Usama Bin Ladin?s Declaration of Jihad? (Bernard Lewis, Foreign Affairs magazine, Nov.-Dec. 1998).
    - ?Should Hezbollah Be Next? (Daniel Byman, Foreign Affairs magazine, Nov.-Dec. 2003).
    - ?Al Qaeda?s Global Jihad: Winning or Losing?? (Special Report, The Economist magazine, 17 Jul 08).
    - ?Atentados en Mumbai: ¿Yihadismo Contumaz o Violencia Precursora? (Fernando Reinares, Política Exterior nº 127, Enero 2009)
    - ?La Unión Europea y la Lucha Contra el Terrorismo Global? (Charles Powell y Alicia Sorroza, Política Exterior nº 127, Enero 2009)
    The future of terrorism
    - ?The Terrorism to Come? (Walteur Lacqueur, Policy Review nº 126, 2005)
    - ?Conceptualizando el Terrorismo Internacional? (Fernando Reinares, NuevaMayoría.com, 2005)
    - ?Terrorismo y Anti-terrorismo? (Fernando Reinares, Paidós, 1998)
    - ?Catastrophic Terrorism: Tackling the New Danger? (Ashton Carter, John Deutch and Philip Zelikow, Foreign Affairs magazine Nov.-Dec. 1998).
    - - ?Libertad de Expresión y Guerra Contra el Terrorismo? (Dinah PoKempner, Política Exterior nº 127, Enero 2009)

    MOVIES:

    Anarquist terror
    - ?The Secret Agent? (Christopher Hampton, 1996)
    National liberation terror
    - ?The Battle of Algiers? (Gillo Pontecorvo, 1966)
    Latinamerican terror
    - ?State of Siege? (Costa-Gavras, 1973)
    Basque terror
    - ?Operación Ogro? (Gillo Pontecorvo, 1979)
    - ?Los Días Contados? (Imanol Uribe, 1994)
    - ?Todos Estamos Invitados? (Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón, 2008)
    Irish / British terror
    - ?Michael Collins? (Neil Jordan, 1996)
    - ?Omagh? (Pete Travis, 2004)
    Italian terror (Red Brigades)
    - ?Good Morning, Night? (Marco Bellocchio, 2003)
    German terror (Baader Meinhof Band)
    - ?The Baader Meinhof Complex: R.A.F? (Uli Edel, 1994)
    Palestinian / Israeli terror
    - ?The Little Drummer Girl? (George Roy Hill, 1984)
    - ?Paradise Now? (Hany Abu-Assad, 2005)
    - ?Munich? (Steven Spielberg, 2005)
    State sponsored terrorism
    - ?Why Lockerbie?? (Documentary, Granada TV, 1990)
    Jihadist terror / Counter-terrror
    - ?United 93? (Paul Greengrass, 2006)
    - ?Rendition? (Gavin Hood, 2007)

    BASIC RULES

    Course evaluation
    Quizes (3 or 4): 20%
    Partial: last week Oct/first week Nov; 30%
    Final (non cumulative): last day before the last) 30%
    Final paper (due one week before end of course): 10%
    Class participation (presentations + class participation): 10%

    English expression
    The students should express themselves -both orally and in writing- in good formal English. Particularly in the written partials and quizes, as well as the presentations, good academic writing is essential. Bad, sloppy academic writing (misspellings, deficient syntax, etc.) will be penalized.

    Presentation evaluation: 10 points possible

    Content: Does the presentation offer accurate, high quality 6 information, interesting and synthesized in an original manner?

    Formal presentation: Is the information presented clearly and in a 2
    scholarly manner? Does the presenter use graphics, visuals and/or
    other supplementary materials?

    Is the presentation engaging? Does the presenter actively 2
    strive to involve the class in his/her presentation? Does
    she/he strive to hold the attention of the class?

    Attendance policy
    Attendance is mandatory. More than two classes (four hours) of excused absence will endanger an officially certified completion of the course (grading + certificate). Medically motivated absences will have to be justified with the proper documentation.

    Class protocol
    1.- It is expected that students arrive in class on time and that they return promptly to class after any given class break. Tardiness is figured into the absence policy.

    2.- In class the student is required to maintain a polite demeanor at all times.

    3.- Students are asked not to eat in class under any circumstances. Only light non alcoholic beverages (water, refreshments) are permitted.

    4.- Students are required to put their cell phones out of operation during class time.

    5.- With the exception of class presentations and exams (when specifically required or allowed by the professor), laptops are not to be used in class.

    6.- Students are required to be actively involved. They are expected to show their preparation by participating in discussions, by asking relevant questions, being critical and analytical with the contents presented in class as well as by sharing their ideas and opinions.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.

Some courses may require additional fees.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.

Availability of courses is based on enrollment numbers. All students should seek pre-approval for alternate courses in the event of last minute class cancellations