Women in Art: Visions from the Perspectives of Difference and Equality

Universidad de Sevilla

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Women in Art: Visions from the Perspectives of Difference and Equality

  • Host University

    Universidad de Sevilla

  • Location

    Seville, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Art History, Spanish Culture, Women's Studies

  • Language Level

    Advanced

    Hours & Credits

  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    4
  • Overview

    OBJECTIVES
    This Course is designed with two key objectives in mind: firstly, to contribute to the recovery
    from academic oblivion of the women artists who have produced creative output throughout history
    and who, due to a range of different conditioning factors of a social kind, have remained on the margins
    of the Art World; secondly, to raise awareness of, and encourage reflexion about, the situation of
    women within the present-day Art environment, as well as about the aims pursued by tendencies within
    feminist criticism, together with the endeavor, at the dawn of the twenty-first century, of the woman
    artist in the search for gender equality in society.
    METHODOLOGY
    Class sessions – the attendance at which is compulsory - will be interactively theoretical and
    practical, combining the theoretical exploration of syllabus content – supported by the on-screen
    projection of artistic works and documentaries- with critical debate on the part of students when
    dealing with those same on-sceen images and the recommended texts.
    SYLLABUS
    SUBJECT BLOCK 1: STARTING POINT
    - Do Women Have To Be Naked To Get Into the Met. Museum?
    - Woman, Art and Gender. Art Created by Women; Feminine Art; Feminist Art. Feminism and Post-
    Feminism.
    SUBJECT BLOCK 2: THE DEPICTION OF THE FEMININE IN THE HISTORY OF ART
    - Introduction: Models and Counter-Models. Woman-as-Fetish.
    - Art and Mythology: Disguised Eroticism.
    - Art and Religion: the Figure of Mary versus Eve.
    - Art and Portraiture: Women of the Nobility, of the Bourgeoisie, and Nameless Faces.
    - The Art of Manners: Family Archetypes.
    - Art and Nudity: From Olympus to Street-Level.
    - Art and Society: Women and their Professions.

    SUBJECT BLOCK 3: THE WOMAN ARTIST WITHIN THE HISTORY OF ART. FROM THE FIFTEENTH TO THE
    EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES.
    - Why have there been no great women artists? The Notion of Genius.
    - Women, Art, and Society. The Training of Women to Become Artists.
    3.1. - First References to Women Artists: Pliny’s Artistic Antiquity.
    3.2. - The Middle Ages: Boccaccio and Christine de Pissan. Creativity within Convents. Miniaturists and
    Embroiderers.
    3.3. - The Renaissance: Women, Society, and Art in the Renaissance.
    - Italy: Properzia di Rossi, Sofonisba Anguissola. Lavinia Fontana.
    - Northern Europe: Caterina van Hemessen. Levina Teerlinc.
    - Spain: Margarita and Dorotea Maçip; Isabel Sánchez Coello.

    SUBJECT BLOCK 3: THE WOMAN ARTIST WITHIN THE HISTORY OF ART. FROM THE FIFTEENTH TO THE
    EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES.
    3.4.- The Baroque Age:
    - Italy: Artemisia Gentileschi; Elisabetta Sirani.
    - Northern Europe: the Domestic Environment. Genre Painting and the Art of Judith Leyster. Flower
    Vases and Still Life: Clara Peeters; Rachel Ruysch; Maria Sybila Merian.
    - Spain: Luisa Roldán, La Roldana; Josefa de Ayala y Ovidos.
    3.5. - The Eighteenth Century: Women Artists, the Academies, and Art Criticism.
    - France: The Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. Elizabeth-Luoise Vigee-Lebrun; Adelaïde Labille-
    Guiard; Rosalba Carriera; Anne Vallayer-Coster.
    - Great Britain: Angelica Kauffmann, Mary Moser.
    - Spain: Honorary Lady Academicians and Professional Artists.
    SUBJECT BLOCK 4. - WOMEN ARTISTS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
    4.1. - Introduction: Women in Nineteenth-Century Society: the Woman Question. Women Artists,
    the Academies, and Art Criticism.
    4.2. - Women Artists on the International Scene.
    - Neoclassicism: France: Constance Marie Charpentier; Julie Forestier.
    United States: Harriet Hosmer; Edmonia Lewis; Vinnie Ream Hoxie.
    - Romanticism: Elisabeth Thompson; Rosa Bonheur.
    - Realism: Emily Mary Osborn; Rebecca Solomon; Anna Blunden.
    - Pre-Raphaelism: Lucy Maddox Brown Rossetti; Evelyn de Morgan.
    - Sculpture: Camille Claudel.
    - Impressionism: Mary Cassatt; Berthe Morisot; Eva Gonzales.
    - Post-Impressionism: Suzanne Valadon.
    4.3. - Women Artists in Nineteeth-Century Spain:
    - Women in Nineteenth-Century Spanish Society. Professional Women Artists. Art Criticism.
    - Key Nineteenth-Century Women Artists in Spain: Victoria Martín Barhié, Madame Anselma
    (Alejandrina Gessler), María Luisa de la Riva, Adela Ginés, Julia Alcayde, Fernanda Francés,
    Carolina del Castillo, Luisa Vidal, Aurelia Navarro.

    SUBJECT BLOCK 5: WOMEN ARTISTS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. 1900-1968.
    Introduction: Virginia Woolf: A Room of One´s Own (1929). The New Woman in the Twentieth Century.
    5.1. - 1900-1945: Women Artists in the Early Avant-Garde Movements.
    - On the Margins of Vanguardism: Romaine Brooks.
    - Expressionism: Gabriele Munter; Paula Modersohn-Becker.
    - Naif: Marie Laurencin.
    - Orphism: Sonia Delaunay.
    - Futurism: Valentine de Saint-Point.
    - The Russian Avant-Garde: Natalia Gontcharova; Varvara Stepanova; Liubov Popova.
    - Dadaism: Sophie Taeuber-Arp; Hannah Höch.
    - Surrealism: Mary Oppenheim; Leonora Carrington; Remedios Varo; Frida Kahlo.
    - The Twenties: Tamara de Lempicka; Georgia O´Keeffe.
    4.3. - 1945-1968: Expressionism: Germaine Richier; Barbara Hepworth; Lee Krasner.
    TEMA 5. - MUJERES ARTISTAS EN EL SIGLO XX. 1900-1968.

    Introducción: Virginia Woolf: A room of One´s Own (1929). La Nueva Mujer del Siglo XX.
    5.1. - 1900-1945: Mujeres artistas en las Primeras Vanguardias:
    - Al margen de las Vanguardias: Romaine Brooks.
    - Expresionismo: Gabriele Münter; Paula Modersohn-Becker.
    - Naif: Marie Laurencin.
    - Orfismo: Sonia Delaunay.
    - Futurismo: Valentine de Saint-Point.
    - Vanguardia rusa: Natalia Gontcharova; Varvara Stepanova; Liubov Popova.
    - Dadá: Sophie Taeuber-Arp; Hannah Höch.
    - Surrealismo: Mary Oppenheim; Leonora Carrington; Remedios Varo; Frida Kahlo.
    - Años 20: Tamara de Lempicka; Georgia O´Keeffe.
    5.2. - 1945-1968: Women Artists in the Second Avant-Garde Wave: The Expressionist Movements:
    Germaine Richier; Barbara Hepworth; Lee Krasner.
    SUBJECT BLOCK 6. - WOMEN ARTISTS IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY SPAIN: 1900-1978.
    6.1. - 1900-1939: María Blanchard; Maruja Mallo; Ángeles Santos.
    6.2. - 1939-1978: Conditioning Factors of a Political and Social Nature. Woman, Art, and Literature
    in Post-War Spain.
    - Informalism: Juana Francés.
    - Tendencies within Realism: Isabel Quintanilla; Amalia Avia; María Moreno; Carmen Laffón.
    SUBJECT BLOCK 7. - WOMEN ARTISTS IN THE TWENTIETH AND TWENTY-FIRST CENTURIES: 1968-2016.
    Introduction: Feminist Art Criticism (Gynocriticism): Lucy Lippard, Linda Nochlin. Feminist Art. Post-
    Feminist Art.
    7.1. - Feminist Art. New Thematic Trends in Feminist Art.
    - Vaginal Art: Nikki de Saint Phalle ; Louise Bourgeois; Judy Chicago and the Feminist Studio Workshop.
    - Body Art: Ana Mendieta; Shigeko Kubota; Carolee Schneemann; Orlan; Pilar Albarracín.

    7.2.- Post-Feminist Art: Women Artists and the Rise of Postmodernity-
    Post-Feminist Art: An Introduction. Mary Kelly; the Guerrilla Girls; Barbara Kruger; Cindy Sherman;
    Sherrie Levine.
    - Multiculturalism and Social Critique: Betye Saar; Faith Ringoold; Kara Walker. Shirin Neshat; Ghazel.
    Susan Meiselas; Sophie Ristelhueber; Zineb Sedira.
    • Feminism and Queer Art: Zoe Leonard; Nan Goldin; Jenny Saville; Del Lagrace Volcano.
    SUBJECT BLOCK 8.- WOMEN ARTISTS IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY.
    Introduction: Womern Artists and New Technologies. Cyberfeminism: VNS Matrix.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.