The Road to Democracy in Portugal, Greece and Spain (in English)
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Area of Study
History, International Studies, Political Science
Taught In English
Course Level Recommendations
ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.
Recommended U.S. Semester Credits3
Recommended U.S. Quarter Units4
Hours & Credits
OBJECTIVES. During the second half of the 1970?s, Southern Europe inaugurated the
"third wave of democratization." This course approaches that crucial period of
Portuguese, Greek and Spanish history with a comparative methodology. The course
will analyze the nature of authoritarian regimes, as well as the transition to and
consolidation of democracies.
CLASS FORMAT. Students will come prepared to class, after working with the assigned
pages from the handbook, key questions and other material supplied by the instructor.
There will be two examinations: a midterm (session 12) and a final (session 27).
Students will also work on a 3-4 page research paper (session 26) based on primary
sources and class readings; further information on this paper will be provided in due
course. Prior to that, students will work on a first paper reviewing articles from
academic journals, which serves as an initial approach to the second paper; this paper
is due on session 13.
GRADING. Oral participation is very important, students are expected to contribute
energetically and courteously in class. Attendance is checked daily (Note: after three
unjustified absences, 0.5 points will be taken off the final grade; see UPO policy). The
participation grade will take into account the student?s initiative and creativity during
the different activities scheduled during the course.
The final grade is broken down as follows:
Participation (Classroom) 10%
Midterm & Final Exam 60% (30% each)
Review paper 10%
Research paper 20%
UNIT 1: Course Introduction. Democracy, Democratization, and Consolidation.
UNIT 2: Modern Nondemocratic Regimes. The Implications of Prior Regime Type for
Transition Paths and Consolidation Tasks. Actors and Contexts.
UNIT 3: Southern Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Economy, Society and
UNIT 4: Authoritarian regimes in Greece, Portugal and Spain.
UNIT 5: The Third Wave of Democratization. The Third Wave in Southern Europe.
UNIT 6: Case Study 1, Greece
UNIT 7: Case Study 2, Portugal
UNIT 8: Case Study 3, Spain
UNIT 9: International Factors in Political Change.
UNIT 10: Consolidation of Democracy in Southern Europe
UNIT 11: Models of Transition and Model Transitions. Shortcomings and
Accomplishments of Southern European Democratization.
BERMEO, N., ?Myths of Moderation: Confrontation and Conflict during Democratic
Transitions?, Comparative Politics, 29, 3, 1997.
BINNENDIJK, H. (ed.), Authoritarian Regimes in Transition, Washington DC, Department
of State, 1987.
BUCHANAN, T., Europe's Troubled Peace, 1945-2000, Oxford, Blackwell's, 2006.
FISHMAN, R., ?Review: Rethinking State and Regime: Southern Europe?s Transition to
Democracy?, World Politics, 42, 3, 1990.
GRUGEL, J., Democratization: A Critical Introduction, New York, Palgrave Macmillan,
HERZ, J. (ed.), From Dictatorship to Democracy, Connecticut, Greenwood Press, 1982.
HOPKIN, J.,?A 'Southern Model' of Electoral Mobilisation? Clientelism and Electoral
Politics in Spain?, West European Politics, 24: 1 (2001), 115?136.
HUNTINGTON, S., The Third Wave. Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century,
Norman OK, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
JUDT, T., Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945, London, Penguin Press, 2005.
KARL, T. and P. SCHMITTER, ?Modes of Transition in Latin America, Southern and
Eastern Europe?, International Journal of Social Science, 128, 1991.
LINZ, J. and A. STEPAN, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Southern
Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe, Baltimore MD, Johns Hopkins
University Press, 1996.
MALEFAKIS, E., "Southern Europe in the 19th and 29th Centuries: An Historical
Overview", Madrid, Instituto Juan March de Estudios e Investigaciones,
Estudio/Working Paper 1992/35, January 1992.
MARAVALL, J.M., Regimes, Politics and Markets: Democratization and Economic
change in Southern and Eastern Europe, London, Oxford UP, 1997.
MARKOFF, J., "Where and When Was Democracy Invented?" Comparative Studies in
Society and History, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Oct., 1999), pp. 660-690.
MAZOWER, M., Dark Continent: Europe's 20th Century, New York, Knopf, 1999.
O'DONNELL, G., PH. SCHMITTER, L. WHITEHEAD, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule:
Southern Europe, Baltimore MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.
ROSTOW, D., ?Transitions to Democracy: Towards a Dynamic Model? Comparative
Politics, 2 (1970).
SORENSEN, G., Democracy and Democratization: Processes and Prospects in a
changing World, San Francisco, Westview, 1993.
SKOCPOL, T. and M. SOMERS, ?The Uses of Comparative History in Macrosocial
Inquiry?, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 22, 2 (April 1980), 174-197.
SOTORIPOULOS, D., "The Remains of Authoritarianism: Bureaucracy and Civil society in
Post-Authoritarian Greece", Madrid, Instituto Juan March de Estudios e
Investigaciones, Estudio/Working Paper 1995/66, May 1995.
WAYLEN, G., "Gender and Transitions: What do we Know?", Democratization, 10 / 1
Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.
Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.
Availability of courses is based on enrollment numbers. All students should seek pre-approval for alternate courses in the event of last minute class cancellations