Epidemiology and Statistics

Universidad Católica de Valencia

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Epidemiology and Statistics

  • Host University

    Universidad Católica de Valencia

  • Location

    Valencia, Spain

  • Area of Study

    Pre-Dental

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

    Hours & Credits

  • Credits

    3
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    3
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    5
  • Overview

    GENERAL GOALS
    - To define the concepts of health and disease.
    - To know the determinants of oral health.
    - To know the strategies of promotion of health.
    - To know the epidemiology and prevention of the contagious diseases.
    - To know the Programs of Oral Health in the area of the cooperation and international health.
    - To adopt basic knowledge to design an investigation proyect.
    - To know the basic concepts of the statistics for his application and interpretation of results in odontolgy.

    SPECIFIC COMPETENCES
    1.Professional values, attitudes and ethical behavior

    1. Knowledge of the essential elements of the dental profession, including its ethical and legal responsibilities.
    2. Understanding the importance of such principles for the benefit of patients, society and the profession, with special attention to professional secrecy.
    3. Knowing how to identify the concerns and expectations of patients and communicate effectively and clearly, both verbally and in writing with patients, family members, the media and with other professionals.
    4. Understanding and appreciating the social and psychological aspects relevant to the treatment of patients.
    5. Being able to apply the principles of anxiety and stress control on oneself, patients and other dental team members.
    6. Understanding the importance of developing professional practice that is respectful of patient autonomy, beliefs and culture.
    7. Promoting the autonomous learning of new knowledge and techniques as well as motivating for quality.
    8. Learning to share information with other health professionals and working as a team.
    9. Understanding the importance of maintaining and using information from patient records for later analysis, preserving data confidentiality.
    10. Understanding and identifying the psychological and physical problems resulting from domestic violence to train students in the prevention, early detection, care, and rehabilitation of victims of this type of violence.

    2.Fundamental Scientific Principles of dentistry: Acquisition and critical assessment of information.

    11. Understanding the basic biomedical science principles that dentistry is based on to ensure correct bucco-dental care.
    12. Understanding and appreciating the structure and normal functioning of the oral cavity at the molecular, cellular, tissue and organ levels at various stages of life.
    13. Understanding and recognizing the essential principles of biomaterial science in dentistry and dealing with possible allergies.
    14. Knowing the general processes of disease, which include infection, inflammation, immune system disorders, degeneration, neoplasia, metabolic and genetic disorders.
    15. Gaining familiarity with some of the general pathological features of diseases and disorders that affect body systems, and specifically those affecting the mouth.
    16. Understanding the fundamental principles of action, indications and the efficacy of drugs and other therapeutic interventions, knowing their contraindications, interactions, systemic effects and interactions on other organs, based on scientific evidence.
    17. Understanding and appreciating the principles of ergonomics and safety at work (including cross-infection control, radiation protection, occupational and biological diseases.
    18. Knowing, critically evaluating and learning how to use sources of clinical and biomedical information to obtain, organize, interpret and communicate scientific and health related information.
    19. Knowing the scientific method and being able to critically assess established knowledge and new information. Being able to formulate hypotheses, collect and critically evaluate information for problem solving using the scientific method.

    3.Clinical Skills: Diagnosis, prognosis and the planning of dental treatment.

    20. Obtaining and preparing a medical history that contains all relevant information.
    21. Knowing how to perform a complete oral examination, including the appropriate radiographical and complimenary tests, in addition to obtaining appropriate clinical references
    22 Being able to develop an initial diagnosis and establish a reasoned diagnostic strategy, and being able to recognize situations that require urgent dental care.
    23. Establishing the diagnosis, prognosis and appropriate treatment planning in all clinical areas of dentistry; demonstrating competence in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan development for the dental patient who requires special care, including medically compromised patients (such as those with diabetes, hypertension , immunocompromised, anticoagulants, etc.) and patients with disabilities.
    23. Establishing the diagnosis, prognosis and appropriate treatment planning in all clinical areas of dentistry; demonstrating competence in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan development for the dental patient who requires special care, including medically compromised patients (such as those with diabetes, hypertension , immunocompromised, anticoagulants, etc.) and patients with disabilities.

    4.Clinical Skills: Dental therapy.

    25. Knowing and applying the basic treatments for the most common oral and dental diseases in patients of all ages.Therapeutic procedures should be based on the concept of minimal invasion and contemplated within a holistic and integrated approach to dental treatment.
    26. Knowing how to plan and carry out multidisciplinary, sequential and integrated dental treatments of limited complexity in patients of all ages, conditions and in patients requiring special care.
    27. Being able to pose and suggest preventive measures appropriate to each clinical situation.
    28 Gaining clinical experience under appropriate supervision.

    5. Public health and health systems.

    29 Recognizing the determinants of oral health in the population, including those that are genetic, lifestyle dependant, demographic, environmental, social, economic, psychological or cultural.
    30. Recognizing the role of the dentist in prevention activities for protecting against oral diseases, as well as in the maintenance and promotion of health, at both the individual and community level.
    31 Understanding the National Health System and the basics of health legislation, clinical management and appropriate use of health resources, and understanding the important role of the dentist in the area of Primary Health Care.

    LEARNING OUTCOMES
    R1 To know the scientific method and to have critical aptitude to value the established knowledge and the new information. To learn on bibliographic search.
    R2 To know the basics of the statistics for application and interpretation in investigation studies
    R3 To know the principles to design studies of investigation and to realize critical analysis of the same ones.
    R4 To know the principles of sterilization and disinfection to prevent the cross infections in dental practice.
    R5 To know the National System of Health understanding the importance of the paper of the dentist in the area of the Primary care of Health.
    R6 To know the principles of the Sanitary Education.
    R7 To know the procedures to diagnosis the oral health in the community and to be able to interpret the results.

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.

ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits are converted to semester credits/quarter units differently among U.S. universities. Students should confirm the conversion scale used at their home university when determining credit transfer.