Biomaterials: Materials in Medicine

University of Queensland

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Biomaterials: Materials in Medicine

  • Host University

    University of Queensland

  • Location

    Brisbane, Australia

  • Area of Study

    Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Prerequisites

    CHEE1001

  • Course Level Recommendations

    Upper

    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • Host University Units

    2
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    4
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    6
  • Overview

    Course Description
    Introduction to biomaterials science, artificial organs, prosthetic devices, regulatory testing & evaluation of new biomaterials. Polymeric, ceramic, metallic & composite biomaterials.
     
     
    Learning Objectives
    After successfully completing this course you should be able to:
    1. Conduct a comprehensive IP search and generate an insightful report of IP relating to a biomaterial or medical device.
    2. Conduct a detailed scientific literature search and critique the literature to generate a report of the current state of play of research.
    3. Demonstrate knowledge of biomaterial requirements in medical devices, properties of biomaterials used in medical devices, and engineer solutions for materials in medical devices.
    4. Demonstrate effective spoken communication to a non-scientifically literate audience or an audience with diverse backgrounds.
    5. Manage personal independent research and learning through pro-active and responsible use of resources such as online course material, library databases and internet.
    6. Analyse scenarios and develop solutions to multidisciplinary biomaterials problems.
    7. Work and cooperate effectively in a team consisting of students from a range of academic disciplines and personality types.
    8. Demonstrate an understanding of the social and ethical context of biomaterials in society that set medical related biomaterials apart from other material engineering disciplines.
     
    Class Contact
    2 Lecture hours, 2 Contact hours
     
     
    Assessment
    Scoping Report
    Type: Research Proposal
    Learning Objectives Assessed: 3, 5, 6, 7
    Due Date: Early Semester
    Weight: 10% - Team
    Task Description:
    • The scoping report is about picking a topic that will be used by your group throughout the semester for both the literature review and the IP report
    • Describe the main challenge or issue that you?ll be investigating, the topic application that will be the focus of your teams investigation this semester.
    • Concisely provide background information on the topic area for that application. Used peer reviewed sources and reference.
    • In general terms and providing reasoning, describe what are the material requirements for the application?
    • Explain what alternatives solutions or current solutions are for that application
    • What are the limits to the investigation and key enablers? Outline closely related topic areas which will not be investigated. Detail reasons why they will be excluded.
    • List at least 5 distinct objectives you would like to solve for that application. Use evidence to supports these objectives are attainable.
    • Detail the impacts targets that would be achieved by solving these objectives. Why is it significant and worth investigating. Use evidence to support the accuracy this claim.
    • Identify sources of information and resources that will be used for the literature review and IP report. What additional resources will you need to complete all of the team assessment that you do not currently have.
    • Outline searches and work to be conducted and co-ordinated during the semester.
    • Constraints on the topic application
    • It must be a research and development topic. Research topic that requires both scientific discovery and development component requiring engineering design.
    • The nominated application needs to cover a recent scientific development and be pertinent to present day problem.
    • Topic title should take the form of, ?Biomaterial solution for ?. (Application)?.
    • The topic needs to be suitable to conduct a lit review and a technical report
    Additional Notes
    • Strictly 5 pages limit for the body of the report. Table of contents, reference list, appendices, and title pages are not included in page count. Pages in the body of the report after pg5 will not be included in the grading assessment.
    • You may include only one half page image. It must be relevant, referenced if appropriate, and utilised in the body of the text to improve communication with the reader.
    • Plagiarism in violation of UQ policy will result in a score of zero for this assessment item. This will affect all group members. The matter will also be a passed to the School of Chemical Engineering for assessment, which may result in disciplinary action taken by the school.
    • Harvard referencing style must be used throughout all assessment items in this course for all referencing, in-text references, and reference lists. Failing to reference completely may result in accusations of plagiarism, and marks will be lost for insufficient or incorrect referencing.
    • Pages are to be formatted so that there is a 2cm margins left and right, 2.5 cm header and footer. Text must be in professional font style of your choosing with a size equivalent to Times New Roman 12pt. Paragraphs must have a 1.5 line spacing, 6pt spacing between paragraphs, no hanging indents, and alignment justified.
    • The same topic as used in the scoping and literature review will also be used for the final team assessment, a patent search and report starting in week 8 and due in week 13.
     
     
    Literature review on team topic
    Type: Literature Review
    Learning Objectives Assessed: 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Due Date: Mid-Semester
    Weight: 25% - Team
    Task Description:
    • The Literature Review assessment item will be conducted in the same teams and on the respective topic chosen for their scoping report, on a biomaterial used in an application, instrument, or procedure.
    • Each team is required to prepare a literature review that examines the most significant relevant and scholarly work on their topic area, highlighting fundamental insights and recent progress. The aims of the literature review is to provide a comprehensive picture of the knowledge relating to a specific topic, while ensuring the right balance between the breadth, depth, and concision of the writing.
    • The reviews purpose here is to situate the chosen topic in the relevant context of existing research and background information. The literature review must first establish and define for the reader the research topic, the theoretical framework of your topic, and introduce any key terms, definitions, or terminology that are relevant to your topic.
    • For practical purposes, the review is also intended to educate readers on your chosen topic so that the reader can then make informed decisions on that topic. To do this effectively, the literature review must extract and critically evaluate pertinent findings from published studies, models, or case studies to support your chosen topic.
    • In industrial practice, literature reviews are routinely used in project proposals to justify the worth of prospective research and demonstrate a thorough grasp of background knowledge to the reader.
    • In academic practice, the literature review is also a dialogue in which the writer engages with what has been written and discovered by others. It provides the contextual underpinning for further research studies, and is a critical step in identifying a gap in knowledge in which future work can fill.
    • In addition to the evaluating the current theories and how the current research has been conducted, the literature review must also identify what is missing and how further research on your topic area should proceed.
    Additional Notes
    • Simply producing a summary of articles or listing references is insufficient to pass this assessment item. It is a basic premise of this assessment item that a literature review must go beyond simple description to the level of critique, analysis, and synthesis of published information.
    • Plagiarism in violation of UQ policy will result in a score of zero for this assessment item. This will affect all group members. The matter will also be a passed to the School of Chemical Engineering for assessment, which may result in disciplinary action taken by the school.
    • Harvard referencing style must be used throughout all assessment items in this course for all referencing, in-text references, and reference lists. Failing to reference completely may result in accusations of plagiarism, and marks will be lost for insufficient or incorrect referencing.
    • Strictly 15 page limit for the body of the report. Table of contents, reference list, appendices, and title pages are not included in page count. Pages in the body of the report after pg15 will not be included in the grading assessment.
    • The use of illustrations can be compelling and assist greatly with reader comprehension. In this review you are limited to a maximum of five half page images. They must be innovative, graphically clear and effective, as well as utilised within the text to improve communication with the reader.
    • All data used in figures should be referenced where appropriately.
    • Pages are to be formatted so that there is a 2cm margins left and right, 2.5 cm header and footer. Text must be in professional font style of your choosing with a size equivalent to Times New Roman 12pt. Paragraphs must have a 1.5 line spacing, 6pt spacing between paragraphs, no hanging indents, and alignment justified.
    • The same topic as used in the scoping and literature review will also be used for the final team assessment, a patent search and report starting in week 8 and due in week 13.
     
     
    Media Presentation
    Type: Video
    Learning Objectives Assessed: 3, 4, 8
    Due Date: Mid Semester
    Weight: 15% - Indiviudal
    Task Description: Each student will research a recent biomaterial innovation in the scientific literature. Students are asked prepare a 5-7 minute media presentation on the topic aimed at informing an educated audience with a non-technical background.
    • Use of media
    • This is a video presentation not a Hollywood blockbuster, you are not being judged on your film-making ability. Keep it simple, clear, and concise. It is about your ability to present the information clearly and well.
    • Sourced media cannot include packaged audio, any voiced over or explanations must come from the students and be the original work of the student.
    • Students are free to use any material available through the UQ library or in the public domain, however all sourced media must be referenced in a document submitted with the video.
    • This is a presentation, where the student are expected to narrate the entire presentation. As such the student presenting must be visibly presenting on screen for at least 3 minutes (3min face time, at most 2 min cut away).
    • Over use of a single media source will be treated in a similar way that over use of a single reference in writing.
    • No music
    • Any software can be used for editing, however Windows Movie Maker (windows) or iMovie (apple) are more than sufficient for this assessment.
    • Students must present their own work, singularly.
    Submission
    • Submissions will by uploaded to blackboard.
    • Students must be prepared to answer questions on their topic through the blackboard site.
    • Students are permitted to re-upload their presentation as many times as they like before the due date.
    • The duration limits are strict, the presentation cannot be less than 5 min or greater than 7 min.
    • Students will be asked to peer assess other students presentations.
    • The video submissions are not for public viewing.
     
    A more detailed assessment and marking criteria will be provided on blackboard in time for this activity.
     
     
    Final report
    Type: Report
    Learning Objectives Assessed: 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Due Date: Mid-Late Semester
    Weight: 20% - Team
    Task Description:
    Patent search
    • Your team is to compile a comprehensive patent search in your particular technology domain based on your Literature Review. Report on the current state of IP for your chosen topic.
    • Provide documentation of a systematic search of IP such that any following your research can follow your search in the future and update it.
    • Assemble a ½ page graphic that summaries the current state of IP into a single image
    • Reflection and draw conclusions on the current state of IP development in relation to your topic area. Comment on how this will affect any planned research proposals.
    Innovation activity
    • Drawing on both the Patent search and the Literature review. Describe the current research and development environment in terms of innovation activity. Some of the questions you need to be answering are: who is actively researching or investing in on this topic, what are they working on and how does that relate to your chosen topic. When their latest development, and what was is the rate of progress? Why are they situated where they are, and why are they working on this topic.
    • As a second part of this assessment, you are also asked to investigate the activity and relationship between "scientific" (eg university or clinical academic) and "technological" (eg private company, investor) networks. Report on any patent-paper pairs, or any evidence which research groups or IP have translated from a research to industry. How did they make this transition?
    • Develop a map, image, or graphic that describes the patent-paper interactions and the groups or companies that are producing them.
    • You are asked to gain more insights into the leading teams and people responsible for championing and driving the technology forward. To do this, you are encouraged to search the broader media, and perhaps even try and make direct contact with these individuals. Historically and currently, who are the leaders who have championed this technology? What?s the story behind them, how did they do it?
    • Research plan
    • Describe a feasible development and research plan, and provide reasons your planning decisions. Consider the technology as it currently is, make recommendations on how to invest time and resources to develop this topic. This scenario assumes that you have a research team comprising of 2 graduate specialists (including yourself as a technical team leader) and 1 technician. Funding has been made available for 2 years.
    • Utilise either a flowchart or detailed Gantt chart to describe the schedule for your plan.
    • What is the final goal in terms of a product for your application, how will it appear, be used, who will own the technology.
    • Once the application objectives have been completed (as defined in your scoping report) what would be the long term prospects of this research (i.e. beyond 2-3 years). Are there any enablers that are required to ensure sustainable development and growth of this research area?
    Additional Notes
    • You need to work closely with your mentors to ensure that you are using sensible search terms or keywords and keeping your search restricted to a well-defined application area. Some assistance will be given in lectures to teach you where to conduct your search and how to go about it.
    • Patent-paper pairs are described in detail in Fiona Murray's paper: F. Murray, "Innovation as co-evolution of scientific and technological networks: exploring tissue engineering", research policy, 31 (2002) pp 1389-1403
    • Plagiarism in violation of UQ policy will result in a score of zero for this assessment item. This will affect all group members. The matter will also be a passed to the School of Chemical Engineering for assessment, which may result in disciplinary action taken by the school.
    • Harvard referencing style must be used throughout all assessment items in this course for all referencing, in-text references, and reference lists. Failing to reference completely may result in accusations of plagiarism, and marks will be lost for insufficient or incorrect referencing.
    • Strictly 12 page limit for the body of the report. Table of contents, reference list, appendices, and title pages are not included in page count. Pages in the body of the report after pg12 will not be included in the grading assessment.
    • In this report you are limited to a maximum of three half page images. They must be innovative, graphically clear and effective, as well as utilised within the text to improve communication with the reader. All data used in figures should be referenced where appropriately.
    • Pages are to be formatted so that there is a 2cm margins left and right, 2.5 cm header and footer. Text must be in professional font style of your choosing with a size equivalent to Times New Roman 12pt. Paragraphs must have a 1.5 line spacing, 6pt spacing between paragraphs, no hanging indents, and alignment justified.
    • For your submission, please package this report with the first two reports. The first two will not be remarked and can not be changed from their original submission, however you will be permitted to make reference to them.
     
     
    Peer Assessment
    Type: Peer Assessment
    Learning Objectives Assessed: 4, 7
    Due Date: Mid-Late Semester
    Weight: 0% - Team mark modifier
    Task Description: For group components of the course, peer assessment will be made at the mid-point and the end of the semester. Results from both of these assessments will be used to determin the final project mark for individuals within the group. A non-formative form of peer assessment will also be completed in the lead up to the presentations, to provide feedback for presenters and to allow time for presenters to practice before presenting in public.
     
     
    Final Exam
    Type: Exam - during Exam Period (Central)
    Learning Objectives Assessed: 3, 6, 8
    Due Date: Examination Period
    Weight: 30%
    Reading: 10 minutes
    Duration: 90 minutes
    Format: Multiple-choice, Short answer, Problem solving
    Task Description: This exam will cover all material taught in class.

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