Fluid & Particle Mechanics

University of Queensland

Course Description

  • Course Name

    Fluid & Particle Mechanics

  • Host University

    University of Queensland

  • Location

    Brisbane, Australia

  • Area of Study

    Chemical Engineering

  • Language Level

    Taught In English

  • Prerequisites

    CHEE2001 + MATH1052

  • Course Level Recommendations

    Lower

    ISA offers course level recommendations in an effort to facilitate the determination of course levels by credential evaluators.We advice each institution to have their own credentials evaluator make the final decision regrading course levels.

    Hours & Credits

  • Host University Units

    2
  • Recommended U.S. Semester Credits
    4
  • Recommended U.S. Quarter Units
    6
  • Overview

    Course Description
    Application of conservation laws, continuity, momentum & energy balances. Fluids statics, Bernoulli equation, pipe flow. Experimental techniques, viscosity, flow measurement, pumps. Non-Newtonian behaviour. Solids characterisation, drag, settling & flow. Packed bed & fluidisation.

     

    Course Introduction
    This course introduces students to basic principles of fluid and particle mechanics relevant for industrial practice, and focuses on applied calculations. Most engineering industries rely on effective flow of fluids and particles, as well as efficient contacting between fluids and solids. Therefore, this course is a significant course for chemical, materials, and mineral process engineering disciplines. Learning from this course will be applied in many other courses in all disciplines.

     

    Learning Objectives
    After successfully completing this course you should be able to:


    1. DEFAULT TITLE - OVERALL OBJECTIVES
    1.1  Engineering knowledge: explain important definitions and correlations relevant to fluid and particle mechanics, and classify a new complex problem solution in the fluid &particles interaction using learnt knowledge.
    1.2  Complex evaluating: determine whether the equations /models in fluid statics, Bernoulli equation, pipe flow calculations, pump specification, particle settling, packed beds or fluidised beds are better suited to a specified application and justify your selection
    1.3  Engineering process: use fluid & particle interaction principals to design reactor systems that involve the fluid & particles interaction and pumping system, predict the behaviour of your systems and make recommendations for specific applications

    2. SPECIFIC LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    2.1  Module 1 - Fluid Properties, Characterisation and Hydrostatics - Define properties of fluids that govern fluid flow including their units and dimensions - Apply dimensional analysis and Buckingham Pi theorem to enable scale up of fluid flow - Define shear stress, shear rate, and Newton’s Law of Viscosity. - Identify and define common classes of Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids. - Define pressure and its variation with height - Define and apply hydrostatic principals for measuring absolute and differential pressure (e.g, barometers, manometers)
    2.2  Module 2 - Macroscopic Balances - Write and apply macroscopic mass, energy, and momentum balances on chemical engineering flow processes and systems, including equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s equation and mechanical form of energy equation. - Define and classify types of fluid flow and flow regimes - Derive equations that describe how fluids flow under ideal conditions where the flow is steady, incompressible and frictionless (i.e. Bernoulli’s equation) - Apply Bernoulli’s equation in relevant fluid flow situations including flow measurement - Apply the extended Bernoulli equation and macroscopic energy balance (mechanical form of energy equation) to evaluate frictional losses and size common fluid flow devices (e.g. pumps, piping, valves, turbines), - Use engineering fluid flow principals to design fluid flow systems and pipelines.
    2.3  Module 3 – Flow in Ducts - Derive the average velocity profile in a conduit for viscous fluids in laminar flow - Derive and define relationship between velocity and pressure drop for viscous fluids flowing in conduit in laminar flow, including the Hagen-Poiseuille law. - Derive frictional losses in viscous fluid flow, including the Darcy equation - Define frictional lossess in the pipe flow and under laminar and turbulent flow conditions including using a Moody chart. - Define the appropriateness of various pump types in certain fluid flow situations - To be able to make elementary engineering estimates of the performance of fluid machines such as pumps and turbines - Apply fluid flow principals to the pipe flow of Non-Newtonian fluids - Apply fluid flow principals to the pipe flow of gases - Describe the concept of choking in compressible flow and estimate pressure drop for compressible pipe flow of an ideal gas under isothermal and adiabatic expansion.
    2.4  Module 4 – Particle Characterisation - Define the Equivalent diameters of particles: surface, volume, specific surface, and stokes - Define the shape factors of particles - Define and derive relationship between different particle densities - Derive the particle size distributions of a group of particles including frequency and cumulative distributions - To be able to convert the property or quantity variables to represent different particle size distributions - Apply particle size distribution concepts to analyse the size distributions of real-life particle samples
    2.5  Module 5 – Fluid & Particle Interactions - Define different velocities including superficial, actual and slip velocity - Define and derive particle settling velocity under different drag regimes - Apply particle settling velocity principles to hindered particle settling systems - Define and derive the relationship between flow rate and pressure drop for fluids flowing in packed bed, including the Ergun equation - Describe the force balance at the minimum fluidisation conditions - Apply Ergun equation to expanded fluidised bed to work out the key fluidisation operation parameters including bed length, flow rate, pressure drop, and voidage - use fluid & particle interaction principals to define bed-type reactors that involve the fluid & particles interaction and pumping system, predict the behaviour of the systems

     

    Class Contact
    2 Lecture hours, 2 Tutorial hours, 1 Practical or Laboratory hour

Course Disclaimer

Courses and course hours of instruction are subject to change.

Eligibility for courses may be subject to a placement exam and/or pre-requisites.

Some courses may require additional fees.

Credits earned vary according to the policies of the students' home institutions. According to ISA policy and possible visa requirements, students must maintain full-time enrollment status, as determined by their home institutions, for the duration of the program.